Conveyor belt explained.
A conveyor belt or belt conveyor consists of two end pulleys, with a continuous loop of material that rotates about them. The pulleys are powered, moving the belt and the material on the belt forward. Conveyor belts are extensively used to transport industrial and agricultural materials, such as grain, coal, ores, etc. Material flowing over the belt conveyor may be weighed in transit using a scales. Belts with regularly spaced partitions, known as flighted belts, are used for transporting loose materials up steep inclines. Conveyor belts are used in self-unloading bulk freighters and in live bottom trucks. This technology is also used in conveyor transport such as moving sidewalks or escalators, as well as on many manufacturing assembly lines. Stores often have conveyor belts at the check-out counter to move shopping items. Ski areas also use conveyor belts to transport skiers up the hill.
Alternatives include screw conveyors, the moving floor system, which uses reciprocating slats to move cargo, and roller conveyor system, which uses a series of powered rollers to convey boxes or pallets.
The longest conveyor belt in the world is in Western Sahara. It is 100 km long, from the phosphate mines of Bu Craa to the coast south of El-Aaiun. The longest single belt conveyor runs from Meghalaya in India to Sylhet in Bangladesh. It is 17 km long and conveys limestone and shale.
Conveyor mechanisms are used as components in automated distribution and warehousing. In combination with computer controlled pallet handling equipment this allows for more efficient retail, wholesale, and manufacturing distribution. It is considered a labour saving system that allows large volumes to move rapidly through a process, allowing companies to ship or receive higher volumes with smaller storage space and with less labour expense.
Conveyor Belt System
The conveyor belt system consists of a continuous moving belt that carries materials or packages from one place to another. This belting system is also used in conveyor transport systems such as moving sidewalks or escalators, as well as on many manufacturing assembly lines. A conveyor belt or belt conveyor consist of two end pulleys and is usually suspended with a continuous loop of material that rotates about them. The materials used often comprise PVC and PU coated fabrics and rubber coated steel cords. The Conveyor belt systems are widely used in an array of material transport applications such as manufacturing, food processing and heavy industry. They are extensively used to transport industrial and agricultural materials such as grain, coal, ores, etc. Such systems are also used in self-unloading bulk freighters and live bottom trucks.
The conveyor belting system uses reciprocating planks to move cargo through the floor. Also, in contrast is a roller conveyor system, which uses a series of rotating rollers to convey boxes or pallets. The conveyor belt dimensions are more often flexible to match the user's specifications or application needs. The belt materials and pattern vary for specific uses such as roofing stones conveying, bakery oven belts for pies and pizzas, extracted gravel transport, and so on. Conveyor belts are available for a wide array of applications and transportation and more often application specific.
Primarily, these conveyor belts are more useful commercially than for local purpose. So, keeping this in mind, these belts are designed in such a way that they solve a specific industry purpose. The agricultural belting system is basically designed for agricultural applications like transporting fodder and various farm equipments whereas retail belting system is generally used for transferring inventory. Construction conveyor belting system is designed for transporting or roofing heavy stones or plywood but forest conveyor belts are designed for carrying logs, tree farms and other related products.
The widely used and the most popular conveyor belt system is power transmission belting. It is designed and rated for use in power transmission applications like engine belts, belting for power takeoffs and industrial machineries. They are basically used to transfer heavy and bulky machines to the desired spot. These conveyor belts are generally made of a tough and strong material, making them able to carry heavy loads with ease.
Flexible conveyor systems
The flexible conveyor is based on a conveyor beam in aluminium or stainless steel, with low friction slide rails guiding a plastic multi-flexing chain. Products to be conveyed travel directly on the conveyor, or on pallets/carriers.
Primitive conveyor belts were used since 19th century. In 1901, Sandvik invented and start the production of the Steel Conveyor belts. In 1913, Henry Ford introduced Conveyor belt-based assembly-line in Ford Motor Company's factory production.
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